AN OVERVIEW ON MENTAL DISORDERS IN CHILDREN
Author’s Name : Dr Shalini Sood
Volume 04 Issue 01 Year 2017 ISSN No: 2349-7289 Page no: 25-27
According to the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), emotional and behavioral disorders affect 10-15 percent of children globally. One of particular childhood-onset mental disorder that is widely studied, treated, and diagnosed is ADHD, attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder, and the NIMH cites that 3-5 percent of children globally suffer from this disorder. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), mental health disorders are one of the leading causes of disability worldwide. Three of the ten leading causes of disability in people between the ages of 15 and 44 are mental disorders, and the other causes are often associated with mental disorders. Both retrospective and prospective research has shown that most adulthood mental disorders begin in childhood and adolescence. The following disorders are common in childhood – Anxiety, Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), Eating problems, Bathroom issues, Feelings of sadness, or moodiness, Disruptive behavior, Learning disorders, such as dyslexia, Involuntary movements, or tics, Schizophrenia, or distorted thoughts and feelings. There have also been collaborative efforts to increase awareness of child mental disorders across the world. Through the auspices of the World Psychiatric Association, the WHO, and the International Association of Child and Adolescent, Psychiatry and Allied Professionals, a Child Mental Health Task Force was formed to educate and develop programs to disseminate awareness of child mental health in nine different, countries around the world. While there is still a large amount, of change and progress that needs to be made in the area of child and adolescent mental health, studies and programs such as these arc moving the global community in the right direction.
Mental Health Problems, Anxiety, Schizophrenia,World Psychiatric Association, Behavioral Problems, Cognitive Therapy
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